A special thank you to Paul Kennedy of Co. Clare, Ireland, for invaluable information.


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Additional literature

Calkin RR, Jellinek JS. Perfumery. Practice and principles. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1994.

Arctander S. Perfume and flavor chemicals (aroma chemicals). Las Vegas, NV: Steffen Arctander's Publications; 1969.

Arctander S. Perfume and flavor materials of natural origin. Elisabeth, NJ: Published by the author; 1960.

De Wit HC. Plants of the world, Vol. 1-3. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co. Ltd.; 1966.

Attenborough D. The private life of plants. Jersey: David Attenborough Productions Ltd.; 1995.


Eden Botanicals

Leffingwell & Associates

Gernot Katzer's Spice Pages, Institut für Chemie, Strassoldogasse 10, A-8010, Austria.

Musée International de la Parfumerie, Grasse

Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture

Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 USA

Burdocks's Handbook of Flavor Ingredients

Cropwatch, an independent watchdog for endangered and vulnerable natural aromatic products used in the aroma (perfumes, flavours, aromatherapy, cosmetics), herbal, traditional medicine and phytochemical industries.


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